What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Coaches Coaches have helped you your whole life, in ways big and small. We’d like to be one of them. Buying Auto Insurance For Teen Drivers Tips on insuring your teen driver. Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.